The Twenty-Fourth Sunday after Pentecost
Love Is Risky Business
May the words from my mouth and the meditation of our hearts be acceptable in your sight, O Lord, our strength and our redeemer. Amen.
Most scripture readings contain both a pinch and a promise. The pinch is something that grabs our attention, something can make us feel concerned, uncomfortable, and in some cases, makes us ask how did someone, writing thousands of years ago, know so much about my sins? Then comes the promise which gives us comfort, relief, hope, redemption, restoration of faith. Today’s scripture readings not only provide both a pinch and a promise, they share a common thread – “the Day of the Lord is at hand” and they ask what have we done with our God-given abilities to prepare ourselves for that day?
Zephaniah, one of the twelve minor prophets – minor because of the length of their writings; not the messages contained therein, lived in the seventh century B.C. and his message was for the Judeans who had drifted from the Law of Moses and had begun worshiping other Gods. Most of this reading contains a pinch, but with the promise: “Be silent before the Lord God! For the day of the Lord is at hand…” As we continue, keep in mind this pinch: “I will punish the people who rest complacently on their dregs.” Today’s Gospel reading conveys a similar message.
In his letter to the Thessalonians, St. Paul’s offers a pinch – “When they say, ‘There is peace and security,’ then sudden destruction will come upon them” – not much different than the pinch by Zephaniah. St. Paul, however, adds the promise: “For God has destined us not for wrath but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us, so that whether we are awake or asleep we may live with him. Therefore encourage one another and build up each other …”
Now let’s see how Jesus wove these thoughts into the parable found in this morning’s Gospel.
What would you do if you knew you couldn't fail? You would try something pretty risky, right? After all, if you knew you wouldn't fail, why try something easy? What risky thing would you do? Would you write the Great American Novel or sail around the world? Would you tell someone, "I love you," or would you find the courage to leave? Would you go back to school to finish that degree or would you call your mother or father and say, "I'm sorry for the pain I caused you. When can we get together again?"
If failure was not an option, human history would have been marked with more bold attempts at both greatness and villainy. Failure is all too real and many bold plans have never gotten past the stage of dreams.
There are all kinds of risks and all kinds of rewards, but there is a common reason why we are naturally risk averse - fear. Fear is a natural, healthy reaction that can keep you safe. Healthy fear of fire prevents you from getting burned. Unhealthy fear of fire can also keep you from enjoying the simple pleasure of making your own s'mores on a campfire.
There has to be a balance between fear and reward. Those with no fear fill our cemeteries at an early age. At the other extreme, too much fear is unhealthy and paralyzing. Fear keeps hope locked in a room of doubt.
Great ships were not built to cling to the coastline. They were created to cross oceans. Few great discoveries were made by playing it safe. There is also no risk-free way to fall in love or to raise children. And there is no risk-free way to mend broken relationships and make amends for past hurts.
In our Gospel reading for this morning, Jesus tells a parable of risk and rewards and the responsibility that comes with great gifts. In the parable, a very wealthy landowner entrusts his servants with vast sums of money. A talent was a measure of gold worth roughly fifteen years' wages for a day laborer. The life expectancy of the time for common laborers was such that making it to forty was never a sure thing, even though many lived longer. Fifteen years' wages was more than half of what you might expect to make in a lifetime - maybe all you hoped to make in a lifetime. Each talent in this parable is that kind of wealth.
The master gives one servant five talents, another two, and the last a single talent – each according to his ability. Now, this is where the parable gets hard to hear. The problem is that we have a word, "talent," that means "ability" or "skill". Singing, for example, is a talent. So, when we hear of a servant given one talent and another given five talents, it sounds like we are talking about abilities or skills, and then the parable immediately sounds different.
This is not a coincidence. Our English word, "talent," comes to its current meaning through the preaching of the Middle Ages. In that time, when the English language as we know it was being forged, this parable was being preached. In preaching the story, congregations were told how these servants were given these large sums of money to watch over for their master. As the preaching went on through the centuries, it became easier to directly see the talents in this parable as representing God's gifts to us, posing the question, "What have you done with the talents God entrusted to you?" This created the meaning of our word, in which "talent" refers to our God-given gifts and abilities.
For the first hearers of the parable, it was clear that it was large sums of money with which the master entrusted his servants. The one in whom the master put the greatest trust made a vast sum of money, but to do so, he had to put at risk seventy-five years' wages for a day laborer. If his plan for using the money entrusted to him failed, that servant could never have hoped to pay back his master.
The parable tells of three persons entrusted with great responsibility. Even the one who was given the care of a single talent was entrusted with much. Each of them would have to risk much if they wanted to show a return on investment.
In the parable, the first two servants doubled the master's money. Each was rewarded with more money. Not money for themselves; they didn't get a big payday. Each was given more money to invest for their master. Their reward for faithfulness was more responsibility. Then came that fateful last servant. He, not too diplomatically, told the master, "Master, I knew that you were a harsh man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you did not scatter seed; so I was afraid, and I went and hid your talent in the ground. Here you have what is yours."
This last servant risked nothing. He took what was entrusted to him and hid it. It was safe. There was little risk in digging a hole and hiding the loot. There was also no potential gain. And for not taking any risk with the money entrusted to him, the servant gets the worst possible punishment as his reward.
Jesus taught that the heart of the Good News is love. Our world was created for love, which means the freedom to do great evil as well as good. There is no other way. God gave us choices and through our choices, we can get hurt and we can hurt others. A universe where real love is an option is a risky place, as pain and suffering are not only possible, but likely. And yet, this world of choice founded on love is also what makes possible all the noble acts of self-sacrifice. This world is not only a world of pain and suffering, but also a world of generosity, kindness, and self-sacrificial love.
God invested so much love in you through Jesus' life and ministry, his death and resurrection. You can never repay that love. The good news is that you don't exactly have to pay Jesus back, as much as pay it forward. God is not looking for a return on investment in quite the same way as the hard landowner in the parable. Jesus calls on a muscular faith that is put to work and so grows stronger.
At the heart of this parable is really faith and trust that when we step out in faith, God will not leave us alone. This is like the Apostle Peter asking if he can walk out on the water to join Jesus. Jesus calls him out of the boat. This is Peter stepping out in faith. But once on the waves, with his whole life at risk, Peter is paralyzed by fear and begins to sink. Then Jesus rescued Peter. Christ was with him on the water; he couldn't fail.
Living the Gospel always involves risk. Risk is inherent in saying, "I love you," or in asking for forgiveness, or in offering to reconcile with someone who hurt you. God has shown you great love and asks only that you share that love with others. When you take the risk to love, it is the grace of God working through you that does the heavy lifting. Living into the love of God happens through concrete actions toward others as we give as we have been given, and forgive as we have been forgiven.
How might you share the love of God with someone today?Who do you need to ask for forgiveness? Who do you need to forgive? In whom might you invest the love that God has shown you? What would you risk for love if you knew you couldn't fail?
In its literary setting, Jesus told this story to his disciples to prepare them for the days ahead when their faith will be tested. This parable depicts how the disciples are to demonstrate their faithfulness as they anticipate the return of the Lord.
What does faithfulness look like in a time of waiting? In Matthew's Gospel faithfulness is emulating the ministry of Jesus. Jesus has announced the arrival of God's kingdom by feeding the hungry, curing the sick, blessing the meek, and serving the least.
All who would follow Jesus are to preach the good news of the kingdom to the whole world by going about the work that the master has called them to do. This work includes visiting the sick and imprisoned, clothing the naked, welcoming the stranger, and feeding the hungry. Those who are found faithful may hear their Master say, "Well done, good and faithful servant."
The basis for this sermon came from a sermon written by The Rev. Canon Frank Logue, Canon to the Ordinary of the Diocese of Georgia.